The hottest food uses labels to answer questions

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Food label problem solving (Part 2)

5 What are the basic requirements for food labeling? Mainly:

1), the label must be authentic. The production enterprise shall mark the food name according to the basic attributes of the food. Some enterprises call carrot preserved as "red ginseng preserved", while others call potato starch as "lotus root powder". This kind of deception has created an illusion for consumers. Therefore, all food producers must correctly mark the contents in accordance with the general standard for food labeling

2). The label must be scientific. The language, words, graphics and symbols on food labels must be accurate and scientific. Some enterprises have made some false propaganda on the labels without a large number of scientific experiments, such as "cancer prevention and cancer prevention", "longevity", "weight loss and brain strengthening", which exceeds the current scientific level. It is like a fairy elixir in the myth, which is unscientific

3). Labels must be standardized. The Chinese characters on the food label must be those that conform to the standards of the Department, and non-standard simplified characters and eliminated variant characters are not allowed. Chinese pinyin or English should be significantly smaller than Chinese characters. The food name must be in the most eye-catching position on the whole label, etc

6. How to use food labels to buy food

according to the general standard for food labeling (gb7718-87) approved and implemented by the State Bureau of technical supervision, using food labels can guide you to buy food

1). Distinguish the connotation and quality characteristics of food from the food name indicated on the food label. The name of a food that conforms to the provisions of the standard indicates the true attribute of the food. When purchasing food, pay attention to the name marked on the label

2). Identify the internal quality and special effects of food from the ingredient list or ingredient list. Food made from more than two kinds of raw materials has a list of ingredients, which are arranged according to the number of ingredients. If the ingredients are not marked, the general content is less than 25%. Special food has different ingredients from similar food on the label. For example, children's multidimensional biscuits should have the content table of various vitamins

3). Identify the quantity and value of food from the net content or solid content. The net content on the label refers to the edible part after deducting the food packaging. Liquid food is represented by "ml" and solid food by "g". The net content and solid content are the basis for explaining the edible quantity of the food and measuring its value

4). Know the freshness of food from the production and shelf-life date. The standard requires that packaged food, except Baijiu, cream cake and other foods with a storage period of more than 18 months and less than 7 days, should generally be marked with the production date and shelf life, and the marking position should be within the same field of vision of the label. The ex factory date of canned food is printed on the top of the can, usually with three lines of numbers, one of which is the ex factory date. For example, "901012" refers to the product produced on October 12, 1990. The top half of the beer label has 1 to 12 numbers referring to the month, and the bottom half refers to the date. The manufacturer marks the production date by punching a round hole or cutting a gap on the number. For example, punching a round hole on the position 5 of the upper half and the position 12 of the lower half indicates that the production date is May 12. There is a row of 1 to 12 numbers at the bottom of the milk powder packaging bag, indicating the month and the production date. The shelf life marked on the label refers to the period to ensure the quality of food under specified conditions from the date of production. During this period, the food meets the quality specified in the label or product standard, and consumers can buy it. 5. Use other contents of the label to guide the purchase. For example, you can identify the grade of food from the "standard code" side of the food label; Identify the quality level from the name and address of the factory

7. What is the storage date and shelf life date of food

the storage date of food refers to the final date indicating that the food can be eaten under the conditions specified on the label after any 4. Test

after this date, the food is no longer suitable for consumption

the shelf-life date of food refers to the date indicating that the quality of food is guaranteed under the conditions specified on any label. During this period, the food can be sold and meet the quality specified on the label or in the product standard, but beyond this period, although the food may be edible, the quality can no longer be guaranteed to meet the product quality standard

8. How to identify the date marking of food

Article 23 of the food hygiene law (for Trial Implementation) promulgated in 1983 clearly stipulates that all stereotyped packaged food must be marked with the production date and storage period. However, at present, many stereotyped packaged foods sold in the market are not marked with "two phases" according to the law, which first brings difficulties to the management of the food distribution process; Secondly, it also makes it difficult for the majority of consumers to identify whether the food is expired and edible, which will inevitably lead to spoiled food endangering human health. In order to help consumers avoid the harm of expired and spoiled food, here is a little knowledge about identifying food date marking for your reference when purchasing food

there are three kinds of date marking of food, namely, production date, quality guarantee date and storage date. The production date is quite clear, so there is no need to explain. Generally, the shelf-life date can be used for more than 100000 times, which refers to the date indicating that the food quality can be guaranteed under the conditions specified on any label with a profit of 73.83 billion yuan. Shelf life date is generally used for foods with special needs, such as infant food, special nutritional food, nutritional fortified food, etc. Within the guarantee date, the enterprise must guarantee the consumers that the food in the package has the special function or quality standard claimed on the label or specified in the product standard. Preservation date refers to the final date indicating that the food can be eaten under the conditions specified on any label. During this period, the enterprise must ensure to consumers that the food in the package is edible, and the food is no longer suitable for consumption after the expiration of the storage period. Both the shelf-life date and the storage date are calculated from the production date of the food

the marking method of food date is: according to the provisions of the general standard for food labeling, except when the maximum surface area of food containers is less than 10cm2, all foods must be marked with date, storage date and shelf life date. As for which foods should be marked with storage date or shelf life date, or both, no specific provisions have been made, but at least one item should be marked at present. All foods with storage (quality) date of more than 3 months shall be marked with year, month and day, and no missing items are allowed. Foods stored within 3 months can only be marked with the month and day. When indicating the shelf life, it should be indicated with "shelf life to..." or "shelf life... Months"; When indicating the storage period, it should be marked with "storage period to..." or "storage period... Months", and it can also be marked in the form of "19XX year, XX month, XX day", but it must be marked with "production date", "warranty date" and "storage date". The production date of Baijiu in colorless transparent glass bottles can be marked on the back of the bottle label. The production date of beer can follow the current method of punching or marking on the label, but there must be an age mark. If the shelf life of food is within 7 days, such as yogurt, milk, cream cake, ice cream and other conventionally ready to eat fresh food and perishable food that consumers generally know is not easy to preserve, the shelf-life date and shelf-life date can be exempted, but the production date must be marked. Foods with a shelf life of more than 18 months, such as Baijiu and salt with high alcohol content, will not deteriorate after 18 months in severe winter and summer. They can also be exempted from the shelf-life date and storage date, but the production date must be marked

9. What new regulations does the state have on the shelf life of food

the Food Bureau of the Ministry of light industry [87] Qingshi zongzi No. 128 document has made new provisions on the shelf life of some foods, which includes: 1. Bottled beer: ordinary cooked beer for 2 months, special beer for 4 months. 2. Bottled wine and fruit dew wine: the shelf life is half a year, sparkling wine is 3 months, and dew wine is half a year. 3. Bottled Yellow Rice Wine: tentatively 3 months. 4. Milk powder: packed in tin cans for one year, bottled in glass for nine months, and packed in 500g plastic bags for four months. 5. Sweet condensed milk: tinned for 9 months, bottled for 3 months. 6. Soy sauce: half a year. 7. Vinegar: half a year. 8. Fruit juice soda, fruit flavored soda, Cola Soda: bottled in glass for 3 months, canned in two pieces for half a year. 9. Fruit juice, including raw fruit juice, high fruit juice beverage prepared with sugar and sour agent: glass bottle 3 Li Keqiang mentioned in the government work report for months. 10. Fruit juice syrups, including syrups made from raw fruit juice or spices extracted from natural fruits by adding sugar and sour agents: bottled in glass for half a year. 11. Fish, meat and poultry: canned in iron and glass for 2 years. 12. Fruits and vegetables: canned in iron and glass for 1 year and 3 months. 13. Fried dried fruits, ketchup, fruit juice: iron cans, glass cans for 1 year. 14. Candy: produced in the first and fourth quarters, with a shelf life of 3 months; For those produced in the second and third quarters, the warranty period is 2 months (1 month in thunderstorm season). 15. Biscuits: 3 months in tin bucket, 2 months in plastic bag and 1 month in bulk. 16. Chocolate: sandwich chocolate for 3 months, pure chocolate for 6 months. 17. Instant noodles: 3 months

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