Packaging, storage and transportation of the hotte

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Packaging, storage and transportation of agricultural products (I)

I. packaging of agricultural products

(I) classification of agricultural products packaging

1. Transportation packaging

is also called large packaging and outer packaging. It is the packaging of goods into specific containers, or in a specific way that the thermohex core material is about 80% lighter than the solid thermoplastic core material currently used. Its functions: first, to protect goods from damage and loss during long-term and long-distance transportation; The second is to facilitate the handling, storage and transportation of goods

(1) single piece transportation packaging. It refers to the packaging of agricultural products as a piece counting unit in transportation, loading and unloading and storage, such as cartons, wooden cases, iron drums, paper bags, gunny bags, etc

(2) collective transportation packaging. It refers to the combination of a certain number of single packages into a large package or into a large packaging container. Including pallets, container bags, etc

2. Sales packaging

also known as small packaging, inner packaging or direct packaging. It refers to the initial packaging of products in appropriate materials or containers. In addition to protecting the quality of agricultural products, sales packaging can also beautify agricultural products, promote publicity, facilitate display and sales, attract customers and facilitate consumers' identification, purchase, carrying and use, so as to promote sales and improve the value of agricultural products

(II) requirements for agricultural products packaging

1. Standardization. It refers to a technical measure that uniformly stipulates the materials, structural shapes, specifications, capacities used in the packaging of agricultural products, as well as the storage, padding, packaging methods, terminology, printing marks and inspection requirements of agricultural products. It is a unified standard formulated according to the physical and chemical properties, biological properties, shape, volume and weight of products, under the principle of being conducive to the production, circulation, safety and conservation of agricultural products, so that the packaging of the same kind of products tends to be consistent

2. Serialization. It refers to that in the standard packaging of similar products, in order to meet the needs of different quantities and adapt to the general scope of containing other products, a series of packaging forms with different specifications and capacities are determined according to certain laws and economic and technical requirements to form a set of product packaging standard series

3. Generalization. That is, when designing packaging, we should not only adapt to the requirements of one product, but also consider that it can be used among a variety of products as much as possible

the "three modernizations" of product packaging can not only expand the scope of use of product packaging, promote recycling and reuse, save packaging materials, but also play an important role in protecting product safety, adapting to the loading capacity of transportation tools, facilitating loading, unloading, handling, exchange, stacking, improving labor productivity, facilitating the mechanization of storage and transportation operations, and reducing logistics costs

(III) agricultural product packaging decision

1. Similar packaging decision. It refers to the use of similar patterns and colors on the packages of agricultural products sold to reflect common characteristics. Its advantage is that it can save design and printing costs, establish a good image, and is conducive to the promotion of new products. However, sometimes the decline in the quality of individual products will affect the sales of other products

2. Differential packaging decision. It means that all products have their own unique packaging, and different styles, colors and materials are used in the design. It can avoid affecting the reputation of other varieties due to the marketing failure of one variety, but it will increase the cost of packaging design and new product promotion

3. Reuse packaging decision. It refers to the product force value display device and record in the package to judge whether the material (or finished product) is qualified and reaches the predetermined performance index. After that, the package of polymer porous elastic material tester can also be used for other purposes

4. Grading packaging decision. It refers to the use of different levels of packaging for the same agricultural product to adapt to different levels of purchasing power. For example, fruit packaging for gifts and self-use use use different grades of packaging

5. Change the packaging decision. It refers to that when a product has poor sales or uses a kind of packaging for a long time, its packaging design and packaging materials can be changed and new packaging can be used. This may make customers feel fresh and expand product sales

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