Packaging, storage and transportation of the hotte

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Packaging, storage and transportation of chemicals (IV)

1.2.4 storage management

it is technically and economically feasible to convert low-density plastic film into fuel and other recycled products on a large scale. Dangerous chemicals should be inspected in the warehouse, and they should be maintained regularly during storage to control the temperature and humidity of the storage site

dangerous chemicals should be inspected according to the contract before entering and leaving the warehouse. Guo Piyi's team has systematically collected and compared the on-site data. It shows that: the fence type aluminum base lead alloy composite anode plate is compared with the traditional lead base alloy anode plate, and can only be put into the warehouse after acceptance and registration. When loading, unloading and handling hazardous chemicals, the operator should also pay attention to protection

the storage of hazardous chemicals must be equipped with corresponding fire-fighting facilities and trained part-time and full-time firefighters. If possible, automatic monitoring system, fire alarm system and fire sprinkler system should also be installed

warehouse staff should be trained and take up their posts with certificates after passing the examination; Loading and unloading personnel must also carry out necessary education; In addition to general fire-fighting knowledge, firefighters should also carry out special professional knowledge training to make them familiar with the types, characteristics, storage locations, accident handling procedures and methods of hazardous chemicals stored in various areas

when receiving dangerous chemicals, the staff of the dangerous goods warehouse should work according to the operating procedures to eliminate the hidden dangers of accidents in storage:

when receiving dangerous chemicals, the name, number, molecular formula and physical and chemical properties of the products should be clear

carry out warehousing acceptance, and check whether the package is free of water, rain or other items, whether the seal is tight, and whether there is damage and leakage; Check whether the quality of hazardous chemicals has changed. If necessary, sample them and make records

warehousing can be carried out only after the warehousing acceptance is qualified. According to the dangerous characteristics of hazardous chemicals, the appropriate stacking method shall be selected for the packaging method

in addition to the safety inspection before and after the shift and before, during and after the wind, rain and snow, the storekeeper of the dangerous goods warehouse must also inspect the dangerous goods in stock every three months

the storekeeper must check and record the temperature and humidity of the warehouse every day. If it fails to meet the requirements, take ventilation or moisture reduction measures

when working in the dangerous goods warehouse, you must handle it with care to prevent friction and vibration; The acceptance, quality inspection and unpacking must be carried out in a safe place away from the warehouse. The operation site must be guided by a specially assigned person and corresponding fire-fighting measures must be taken

the staff of dangerous goods warehouse must be familiar with the first-aid methods and fire-fighting measures of various dangerous goods poisoning

1.3 transportation of dangerous chemicals

accidents of chemicals in transportation are relatively common, such as the methylamine leakage accident in Shangrao area of Jiangxi Province in 1991, the sodium cyanide highly toxic product overturning accident in Guangxi in 1997, and the cargo ship carrying concentrated H2SO4 sank on the Yangtze River in 1997, causing more than 70 tons of 98% concentrated H2SO4 to flow into the Yangtze River, moving towards a better future for mankind. In 1998, The liquid bromine leakage accident in Xianning section of national highway 17 in Hubei Province is a malignant accident in the transportation of chemicals. Therefore, it is of great significance to comprehensively understand the safe transportation of chemicals and master the regulations on the safe transportation of chemicals to reduce transportation accidents

· for the consignment of dangerous goods, relevant certificates must be presented and procedures must be handled with the designated railway, transportation, shipping and other departments. The consigned goods must be consistent with the product name listed on the consignment note. The consigned dangerous goods that are not included in the national product name list should be attached with the technical appraisal certificate approved by the superior competent department

· the loading, unloading and transportation personnel of dangerous goods should wear corresponding protective articles according to the nature of the dangerous goods shipped. During loading and unloading, they must load and unload with care. It is strictly forbidden to drop and drag, press and rub, and damage the packaging containers. Pay attention to the signs and stack them securely

· before loading and unloading dangerous goods, the vehicle (ship) handling tools shall be ventilated and cleaned, and no residue shall be left. The vehicle (ship) containing highly toxic substances must be washed after unloading

· when transporting explosive, highly toxic, radioactive, flammable liquids, flammable gases and other items, transportation tools that meet safety requirements must be used

it is forbidden to transport explosives with battery cars, tippers, forklifts, bicycles, etc. When transporting strong oxidants, explosives and class I flammable liquids packed in iron drums, without taking reliable safety measures, iron bottom trucks and automobile trailers are not allowed

it is forbidden to use forklifts, forklifts, tippers to carry inflammable, explosive liquefied gases and other dangerous substances

in areas with high temperature, there should be sunscreen facilities for transporting dangerous goods such as liquefied gases and flammable liquids

radioactive materials shall be handled by special transport trucks and lifting frames, and the loading and unloading machinery shall be reduced by 25% according to the specified load. Burning and toxic substances in water are forbidden to be transported by small aircraft, sailboats, wooden boats and cement boats

· when transporting explosives, highly toxic and radioactive substances, special personnel shall be assigned to escort, and the escorting personnel shall not be less than 2

· vehicles transporting dangerous goods must maintain a safe speed and distance, and overtaking, speeding and forcible meeting are strictly prohibited. The driving route for transporting dangerous goods must be approved in advance by the local public security and transportation departments, which rely more on human capital, quality and technological progress, and must be transported according to the designated route and time. It is not allowed to drive or stay in busy streets

· for motor vehicles transporting inflammables and explosives, their exhaust pipes should be equipped with flame arresters and hung with "dangerous goods" signs

· during shunting operation of steam locomotive, vehicles loaded with inflammables and explosives must be hung with at least 2 Isolation cars, and it is strictly prohibited to slip away

· when transporting bulk solid dangerous goods, measures such as fire prevention, explosion prevention, waterproof, dust prevention and sunshade shall be taken according to the nature

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